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Jpn J Biomechanics Sports Exercise 10(4):222-234, 2006

Effects of inside and outside hitting point on joint angular kinematics in the baseball batting

Takahito TAGO1), Michiyoshi AE2), Norihisa FUJII2) Sekiya KOIKE2), Takashi KAWAMURA2)

1)University of Tsukuba, Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences
2)University of Tsukuba, Institute of Health and Sport Sciences

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate kinematic changes at the baseball batting motion for inside, center and outside hitting points. Subjects were ten right-handed male skilled batters of a varsity baseball club. Nine hitting points were set according to the baseball rules:three heights(high, middle, low)and three courses(inside, center, outside)based on the subject’s height and the width of a home plate. The subjects were requested to hit a ball on a batting tee randomly assigned one of the nine hitting points in each trial. Kinematic data were collected by using a Vicon 612 system with nine cameras operating at 120 Hz. Angular kinematics computed were joint angles of the right and left elbows, shoulders, ankles, knees and hips, and rotation angles of the shoulders and hips at the instant of events of batting.
In case of the outside hitting point, the rotation angle of the shoulders toward the opposite hitting direction at the instant of Toe-on was greater, and the rotation angle of the hips toward the hitting direction at the Swing start(SS)was smaller than those of the center point. The rotation angle of the shoulders and hips toward the hitting direction at the instant of Left upper arm parallel(LUP)to the hitting direction was smaller, and the left elbow extension was greater than those of the center point. The abduction of the left shoulder and the rotation angle of the shoulders and hips toward the hitting direction at the impact were smaller than those of the center point. In case of the inside hitting point, the rotation angle of the shoulders toward the opposite hitting direction at the instant of Toe-on was smaller than those of the center point. The rotation angle of the shoulders toward the hitting direction, and the extension of the left ankle at instant of LUP was greater than those of the center point. The rotation angle of the shoulders and hips toward the hitting direction, and the extension of the left ankle and knee at the impact were greater than those of the center point.
These results indicated that to hit the ball at the inside and outside hitting points effectively a batter should first adjust the rotation of the shoulders and hips prior to the swinging down the bat with the upper limbs toward the hitting points.

Key Words: three dimensional motion analysis, joint angle, trunk rotation

Submittted for Publication : Mar. 17, 2006,

Accepted for Publication : Jul. 13, 2006

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